County of Conviction: Los Angeles
Convicted of: 3 Counts of Attempted First Degree Murder
Sentence: 3 Life Sentences + 12 Years
Year of Conviction: 1994
Years Served: 27 Years
Released on Parole: January 10, 2019
Cost of Wrongful Incarceration*: $2,192,481
*According to the Legislative Analyst’s Office 2018-19 annual costs per CA inmate
Years Served: 27
Shortly after midnight on November 30, 1991, four teenagers returned from a double date. As they walked up the stairs to the house, a white Cadillac driven by Claude Davis pulled up and Howard Holt got out of the passenger side of the car. Howard was wearing a knee length black jacket and a stocking mask that covered both his face and neck. He stood about 30 feet away from the group and opened fire on them. Howard, in a fit of road rage, was retaliating against the teenagers who had cut them off. Howard jumped back into the car and Claude sped off, tires screeching, in the direction of the freeway.
Police in the area immediately responded to the scene and put word out to look for a white Cadillac in the area. More than five minutes after the shooting, police discovered Quintin Morris (“Q.T.”) and a friend, Harlan Morgan, waiting at a red light in a yellow Cadillac only a block or two from the crime scene. They were on their way to the liquor store to buy alcohol for a party they were attending. Despite the fact that witnesses saw a white Cadillac speeding from the crime scene and at least five minutes had already elapsed, police detained Q.T. and Harlan.
Q.T. and Harlan were cooperative with police. Police searched Q.T.’s car, but found no guns, no bullets, and no stocking mask. Thinking Q.T. and Harlan could have thrown the items from the car, police searched the surrounding neighborhood but also found no guns, no bullets, and no stocking mask. Despite the lack of any physical evidence connecting Q.T. and Harlan to the crime, police placed them in handcuffs and detained them by the yellow Cadillac. In a completely suggestive identification procedure, police brought two of the teenagers to the Cadillac. One of them identified Q.T. as the shooter.
This identification did not make sense given that Q.T. was the driver of the Cadillac, not the passenger. Further, Q.T. was wearing a waist length jacket, whereas other witnesses described the jacket as knee or thigh length. Nevertheless, over time, this witness became ever more confident in her identification. At trial, she exaggerated what she saw, claiming that the shooter stood only eight feet away from her and, despite being showered with bullets, she stood and looked the shooter directly in the eyes. She claimed she clearly could see him through the stocking mask even though it distorted his facial features.
Based on this evidence, a jury convicted Q.T. His conviction was disturbing to the trial judge – Judge Michael Hoff – a conservative judge and former police officer who used to work the area where the crime occurred. Judge Hoff expressed “grave concerns about the sufficiency of the evidence” against Q.T. Several times during trial, Judge Hoff even tried to convince the Los Angeles District Attorney to drop the charges against Q.T.
After his conviction, Q.T.’s appellate attorney discovered that the true culprit was Howard Holt. Howard had just been convicted of a number of similar shootings that happened around the same time, and, he drove a white Cadillac. Howard confessed to the appellate attorney and to Judge Hoff, who reversed Q.T.’s conviction, noting that it was now clear Q.T. was innocent.
The Los Angeles County District Attorney appealed the exoneration and won on appeal. The Court of Appeal determined that Howard’s confession could have been presented at Q.T.’s trial and, therefore, Q.T. was precluded from bringing it to the trial judge’s attention after he was convicted. Further, the Court of Appeal determined, despite overwhelming physical and scientific evidence to the contrary, that eyewitness identification of Q.T. was strong.
On federal review, a federal judge noted that his hands were tied and he could not reverse Q.T.’s conviction because there were no “legal avenues to do so.” The judge expressed serious concern over whether Q.T. committed the crime and suggested that Q.T. specifically apply for a pardon from the governor.
The California Innocence Project (CIP) became involved in Q.T.’s case and commenced an investigation into his claim of innocence. In doing so, CIP tracked down the getaway driver, Claude Davis, who confessed to driving Howard around that night, and found the identifying witness, who has expressed doubts about her identification of Q.T.
In 2013, CIP petitioned for clemency to Governor Jerry Brown. Governor Brown granted clemency in 2018, reducing Quintin’s sentence and making him immediately eligible for parole. Quintin was released on January 10, 2019 after serving 27 years in prison for a crime he did not commit.